No patient’s renal diet is the same as a few factors are considered by the doctor, renal dietician, or dialysis care team while preparing the diet plan. These factors include the stage of your renal disease, type of treatment you are on, laboratory results, and the presence of other medical conditions like diabetes, blood pressure.
A balanced renal diet is composed of food groups & nutrients that will prevent toxins from building up in the body when kidneys start losing their filtering ability. Being aware of the benefits of these food groups will help patients with kidney problems or other chronic diseases that affect kidneys make conscious health choices.
Nourishing your body with the right amount of nutrients goes hand in hand with the recommended medical treatment to maintain healthy kidneys. A healthy renal diet will not only help you feel better but will also prevent any further complications from renal diseases, like high blood potassium, fluid overload, bone disease, and more.
We have compiled a list of key nutrients below to help you better understand your dietary choices and support you in your journey of healthy renal care.
Protein aids in the growth and maintenance of body tissue and fight infections. Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) or undergoing dialysis need to include high-quality protein food sources in their diet to maintain a good level of blood protein.
Skinless chicken breast, lean and fatty fish are some of the best protein options to include in your renal diet. On the other hand, you can also opt for plant-based proteins like chickpeas, black-eyed beans, or lentils.
Always follow up with your renal dietician or dialysis care team on the recommended level of protein intake suitable for your condition.
2) Fruits and vegetables
Fresh fruits and vegetables are rich in vitamins and minerals along with fiber. Additionally, kidney patients should incorporate fresh produce rich in antioxidants and low potassium in their diet because it will help neutralize free radicals and protect the kidneys from further damage.
On the other hand, broccoli, string beans, bell peppers, cucumber, celery, and zucchini are the perfect vegetable options for any patient with kidney problems. These vegetables have low potassium content, which is ideal for healthy kidneys and the heart.
Discuss with your renal dietician more to understand which fruits and vegetables you must avoid based on your renal health.
Carbohydrate is the food group that is the main source of energy in our body. Unless any CKD or dialysis patients have diabetes, they will have to watch their carbohydrate intake to maintain their blood sugar level.
Grains, cereals, and bread have a good amount of carbohydrates in them. Patients can include them in their renal diet following a discussion with their renal care team or renal dietician.
4) Avoid sodium
Sodium is a mineral found in many foods naturally, but it is also commonly found in table salt.
Patients with CKD or undergoing dialysis must avoid salt and processed food as these items have very high sodium content. Due to the reduced function of the kidneys, high sodium intake can lead to problems like swollen ankles, high blood pressure, shortness of breath, and fluid buildup around the heart and lungs.
You can substitute salt with sodium-free flavor enhancers like herbs, spices, and onions. Follow up with your doctor to know the maximum amount of sodium serving you are allowed in your daily diet.
Pyramids Dialysis Center is a renal care facility specializing in Renal Replacement Therapies (RRT) like dialysis in Dubai & Al Ain. Our dialysis center also offers patient-centered renal care and dietary consultation. Call our consultant at +971 3 762 7060 to know more!