What is in Your Renal Diet?

No patient’s renal diet is the same as a few factors are considered by the doctor, renal dietician, or dialysis care team while preparing the diet plan. These factors include the stage of your renal disease, type of treatment you are on, laboratory results, and the presence of other medical conditions like diabetes, blood pressure.

A balanced renal diet is composed of food groups & nutrients that will prevent toxins from building up in the body when kidneys start losing their filtering ability. Being aware of the benefits of these food groups will help patients with kidney problems or other chronic diseases that affect kidneys make conscious health choices.

Nourishing your body with the right amount of nutrients goes hand in hand with the recommended medical treatment to maintain healthy kidneys. A healthy renal diet will not only help you feel better but will also prevent any further complications from renal diseases, like high blood potassium, fluid overload, bone disease, and more.

We have compiled a list of key nutrients below to help you better understand your dietary choices and support you in your journey of healthy renal care.

1) Protein

Protein aids in the growth and maintenance of body tissue and fight infections. Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) or undergoing dialysis need to include high-quality protein food sources in their diet to maintain a good level of blood protein.

Skinless chicken breast, lean and fatty fish are some of the best protein options to include in your renal diet. On the other hand, you can also opt for plant-based proteins like chickpeas, black-eyed beans, or lentils.

Always follow up with your renal dietician or dialysis care team on the recommended level of protein intake suitable for your condition.

2) Fruits and vegetables

Fresh fruits and vegetables are rich in vitamins and minerals along with fiber. Additionally, kidney patients should incorporate fresh produce rich in antioxidants and low potassium in their diet because it will help neutralize free radicals and protect the kidneys from further damage.

Apples, berries, cherries, grapes, peach, and watermelons are some fruits patients with CKD or undergoing dialysis can have in their renal diet.

On the other hand, broccoli, string beans, bell peppers, cucumber, celery, and zucchini are the perfect vegetable options for any patient with kidney problems. These vegetables have low potassium content, which is ideal for healthy kidneys and the heart.

Discuss with your renal dietician more to understand which fruits and vegetables you must avoid based on your renal health.

3) Carbohydrate

Carbohydrate is the food group that is the main source of energy in our body. Unless any CKD or dialysis patients have diabetes, they will have to watch their carbohydrate intake to maintain their blood sugar level.

Grains, cereals, and bread have a good amount of carbohydrates in them. Patients can include them in their renal diet following a discussion with their renal care team or renal dietician.

4) Avoid sodium

Sodium is a mineral found in many foods naturally, but it is also commonly found in table salt.

Patients with CKD or undergoing dialysis must avoid salt and processed food as these items have very high sodium content. Due to the reduced function of the kidneys, high sodium intake can lead to problems like swollen ankles, high blood pressure, shortness of breath, and fluid buildup around the heart and lungs.

You can substitute salt with sodium-free flavor enhancers like herbs, spices, and onions. Follow up with your doctor to know the maximum amount of sodium serving you are allowed in your daily diet.

Pyramids Dialysis Center is a renal care facility specializing in Renal Replacement Therapies (RRT) like dialysis in Dubai & Al Ain. Our dialysis center also offers patient-centered renal care and dietary consultation. Call our consultant at +971 3 762 7060 to know more!


5 Renal Care Misconceptions

Our kidneys are one of the most vital organs in the body responsible for filtering toxins and maintaining a healthy balance of fluids in the body. Kidney failure occurs when the kidneys lose their ability to efficiently remove wastes from the body, which leads to other major health problems.

The treatment plan for kidney failure varies from one case to another, but usually dialysis is recommended to help slow down the progression of the kidney damage.

Although we are all aware of how dialysis has transformed renal care and therapy, it can be daunting for someone when they make the decision.

Our Medical Director, Dr. Elharith Biraima, will briefly discuss some common misconceptions about kidney disease and dialysis to guide any patient with chronic kidney disease (CKD) or end-stage renal failure with their treatment.

1) CKD patients have no say in their treatment

Since every CKD patient’s case is unique, the renal care team will suggest treatment plans by taking the patient’s comfort into account. In the end, the patient decides what they would like to do. Hence, patients should always remain open with the renal care team about their medical goals and preference once diagnosed with kidney disease.

2) Dialysis is the treatment for kidney disease

Dialysis is the process through which toxins are filtered from the blood when kidneys lose their filtering ability to prevent the buildup of toxins in the body and prevent damage to any other organs. It is a treatment to help patients with kidneys performing at only 10 to 15 percent of their normal function live a healthy life.

3) Dialysis patients cannot travel

Patients undergoing dialysis can travel everywhere, but with some planning and coordination with their renal care team. The dialysis team will provide medical reports that the patient can share with the team in the hospital in the visiting place to ensure a seamless holiday dialysis experience.

All our patients at Pyramids Dialysis Center in Al Ain & Dubai can travel comfortably with zero interruptions in their dialysis sessions. We serve as a single point of contact for all our patients’ travel needs – from dialysis schedules, doctor appointments, hotel bookings, etc.

4) Dialysis patients cannot have regular food

Since the kidneys have reduced functionality among patients with kidney problems, moderation is key when it comes to having a healthy renal diet!

For example, patients with severe kidney diseases need to watch their daily potassium and salt intake. Additionally, dialysis and CKD patients are advised to include foods rich in high-quality proteins and antioxidants to nourish the kidneys.

The dialysis and renal care team will closely study the patient’s condition and formulate a plan suitable for their body.

5) Dialysis can only be done in the medical facility

Patients undergoing dialysis for a long time can opt for hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis at home under the supervision of their renal care team and doctor. The doctor will be able to advise on which dialysis is more suitable for the patient at home.

Pyramids Dialysis Center (PDC) is the first stand-alone dialysis center and renal-care facility in Al Ain, Abu Dhabi. Our facility offers in-center, home & holiday dialysis. For more tips and updates, follow us on Facebook @pdckidneycare & Instagram @pdckidneycare.


Pyramids Dialysis Center is now on FAZAA


FAZAA offers a range of exclusive services to the hard-working employees of the Ministry of the Interior, government and semi-governmental entities.

General Sheikh Saif bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Interior, and Chairman of the Social Security Fund for the Ministry of Interior’s employees, launched the “Fazaa” project as part of the supportive initiatives provided by the Social Security Fund.

The project is designed to support its members and develop social interdependence and bonds of solidarity to the highest levels.

The stresses and conditions of working in the public sector can strain both the mind and body of employees, which is why governmental entities of the UAE have always supported programs that focus on their people’s health and wellbeing.

As a stand-alone medical specialist center in Al Ain, Pyramids Dialysis Center’s holistic approach to kidney care goes beyond blood dialysis treatments; instead, focusing on all areas of a person’s renal health. It gave them the insight to see an opportunity through Fazaa to help protect the health of the nation’s administration and security personnel, offering access to their various kidney care programs with a 40% reduction on their regular fees.

Dialysis provides an artificial replacement for lost kidney function and, for an estimated 3000 end-stage renal disease patients in the UAE, that means 2-3 weekly visits to a hospital. Patients with kidney disease typically have weaker immune systems, which puts them at an even higher risk when visiting hospitals admitting other patients with potentially infectious complications, including COVID-19.

For these patients, Pyramids Dialysis Center’s stand-alone, specialist medical facility in Al Ain provides a more sheltered medical environment for renal care, offering access to dialysis services outside the premises of the hospital.

With kidneys being such a vital part of human wellbeing and the high incidents of kidney disease in the UAE, employees on the Fazaa platform will be pleased to be able to take advantage of this offer, with a free screening of kidney function for people at risk, be it through hereditary or lifestyle factors.

Employees interested in checking their kidney health status may use their Fazaa cards to book an assessment from June 25th.

Alternatively, they may include their membership number when booking appointments to avail of the offer, which will run until 05/06/2022.


Hemodialysis and Its Benefits

Dialysis is the treatment for patients with end-stage kidney failure when their kidneys are performing at only 10 to 15 percent of their normal function. Through this treatment, the patients’ blood is filtered externally to keep a balanced level of electrolytes and fluid.

What is hemodialysis?

Hemodialysis is the most common type of dialysis, where the blood is purified through an artificial kidney or hemodialyzer. Once a patient opts for hemodialysis, they will have to undergo minor surgery to create an access point, or vascular access, into their blood vessels.

Based on the patient’s condition and preference, the doctor will make the access point in one of the below sites,

  • Arteriovenous (AV) fistula: Most common type of access made by joining an artery and vein in the arm.
  • AV graft: If your blood vessels aren’t suitable for AV fistula, a soft tube is used to join the artery and vein in the arm.
  • Vascular access catheter: A catheter is inserted in a large vein, usually the neck for access.

How does hemodialysis work?

During Hemodialysis, blood is pumped through soft tubes to a dialysis machine, where it goes through a filter called dialyzer. The dialyzer is designed in a way that its internal environment closely resembles the kidneys, to remove toxins and other unwanted substances from the blood. Hence, it is divided into two sections: one for the dialysate and the other for the blood. These two sections are separated by a semi-permeable membrane that only allows the waste to pass through & prevents the red blood cells to leak: just like our kidneys.

Hemodialysis treatment lasts three to five hours and is usually performed three times per week. Depending on the patient’s condition, the treatment can also be done in shorter and more frequent sessions.

What are its benefits?

Hemodialysis usually requires only 1 surgery for vascular access. This access is frequently checked to make sure it isn’t infected & is working well. The dialysis team also guides the patient on how to take care of the access at home, to keep the fistula or graft working longer.

During the session, the dialysis monitor shows detailed information which helps the physician monitor every aspect of the session. From the pump speed, blood pressure, and dialysate temperature: everything is constantly checked to ensure a safe and effective dialysis session.

Also, patients undergoing hemodialysis for a long time can opt for home dialysis sessions under the supervision of their dialysis care team and doctor.

If you wish to learn more about hemodialysis, please contact us & our medical team will be happy to guide you.

Pyramids Dialysis Center (PDC) is the first stand-alone dialysis center and renal-care facility in Al Ain, Abu Dhabi. Our facility offers in-center, home & holiday dialysis. For more tips and updates, follow us on Facebook @pdckidneycare & Instagram @pdckidneycare.


5 Summer Tips for Healthy Kidneys

With the UAE’s incoming hot and humid summer months, you really need to take extra care with special precautions to protect your health and well-being from the heat. Prolonged exposure to the heat can lead to increased heart rate and dehydration, which is hugely concerning for patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) or undergoing dialysis.

It can be challenging for these patients to maintain their recommended fluid and diet intake during summer; here are some tips to guide you better.

1) Enjoy the Summer Fruits & Vegetables

Summer fruits and vegetables are your go-to source for kidney-friendly nutrients! Take your pick from a wide variety of fruits and vegetables rich in water and low in sodium, phosphorus, potassium, and protein content.

Fruits such as watermelons, grapes, berries, and peaches are a top-favorite during summer! You can enjoy these fruits as is, or you can freeze them to make delicious summer smoothies.

On the other hand, vegetables such as cucumbers, lettuce, cauliflower, and celery are equally good options to include more in your summer diet.

It is best to consult your renal dietician or doctor regarding the recommended portion size of each fruit and vegetable suitable for your body mass.

2) Limit Daily Salt Intake

Extra salt consumption contributes to dehydration in addition to increased blood pressure. Hence, it is good practice to be conscious about your salt intake, especially if you are a CKD or dialysis patient. Onions are a great alternative to add sodium-free flavor to your dishes.

3) Avoid Summer Desserts

Ice-creams and chilled yogurts with sugary toppings are the most-enjoyed desserts during summer. Unfortunately, these desserts are rich in sugar, potassium, and phosphorous and must be avoided by dialysis patients and patients with CKD.

Additionally, diabetic patients with CKD or undergoing dialysis should watch their daily carbohydrate and sugar intake to ensure that their kidneys aren’t over-exerted due to excess blood sugar.

A fruit salad made of 2 to 3 kidney-friendly summer fruits with your daily recommended portion of sugar-free yogurt is a good dessert option during summer.

4) Stay Fit with Indoor Exercises

Don’t let the summer heat in UAE stop you from your regular physical activities. Regular exercise can help slow down the progression of kidney disease and regulate your blood pressure and sugar level.

You can consult with your doctor for a list of indoor exercises and movements suitable for your body.

5) Maintain Fluid Balance

It is tempting to drink more fluid during summer due to the extreme weather conditions, but patients with CKD and dialysis patients must watch their fluid intake. Excessive fluid intake can overwork your kidneys and cause electrolyte imbalance in your body. Consult with your doctor or dietician and stick to the recommended fluid intake suitable for your body.

Being conscious of your eating and drinking habits is one of the best ways to preserve your kidney health. This summer take the extra step to give your kidneys the extra nourishment it deserves!


Pyramids Dialysis Center (PDC) is the first stand-alone renal-care facility and dialysis center in Al Ain, Abu Dhabi. For more tips and updates, follow us on our social media Facebook @pdckidneycare & Instagram @pdckidneycare


Healthy Body – Healthy Kidneys

There’s no reason to let growing old get in the way of a healthy lifestyle.

While our bodies do lower some functions as they age, which can lead to increased risk of illness, we can still develop greater resistance to sickness and other effects of old age by maintaining an active daily regimen.

The medical team at Pyramids Dialysis Center encourages their patients to stay active as a direct benefit for the proper function of their kidneys. Activity increases blood circulation, reduced blood pressure and generally helps the kidney to function properly. Unfortunately, age-old ‘body pains’ can slow us down – if we let them. It’s good to know that you can slow the aging process on your bones and joints to enjoy a better quality of life for as long as possible.

At Pyramids Dialysis Center we have some good advice on natural ways to prevent aching bones:

1. Treat Your Body Right – Eat Right –

One can’t stress enough the importance of a good diet. The vitamins and minerals in some foods such as fish, or protein-rich nuts are highly beneficial for the overall health of your body and joints. Foods with omega 3 fatty acids can contribute to healthy joints.

2. Keep Movin’ On –

It’s all about consistency. Regular, low-impact exercise is crucial to maintaining healthy joints. Make sure you plan a light activity, be it walking, cycling or going for a light jog, to ensure your body is getting enough movement and keep those joints sliding nice and freely.

3. Strengthen Your Core –

The core muscles in your abdomen, back, and hips offer the best support of your body during daily activities. They help with your balance too, so there’s less chance of damaging yourself from a silly slip or fall. Remember – Pilates and yoga isn’t easy, that’s why tough guys do it.

4. Muscle Up to Joint Health –

The weight of your body without the right muscle strength can put strain on your bones and joints. Support your joints’ with stronger muscles to ensure they move the way they should. Choose a couple of weight-based exercises to complement your daily exercise routine.

5. Activate Hydration Stations! –

Water is the major component of synovial fluid, which is the fluid that cushions the joints and cartilage surrounding them, helping your joint stay lubricated and preventing friction from causing pain and inflammation. Get it? Drink up.

6. Sit Up Straight –

But Not Too Long – From head to toe, good posture keeps bones aligned properly and that means they’re working properly too, reducing unnecessary strain on the joints. Sitting for too long can cause your spine to fatigue, relax and affect your posture – so stand up, stretch, and walk about a bit.

7. Vitamin D and Calcium For Me! –

Both are vital. So you need calcium in your diet and some sun during the day. (Don’t forget the sunscreen!) If you’re worried your diet doesn’t have enough, it’s ok to take a supplement; many brands offer a two-in-one pack to make it even easier.

8. Increase your range of motion –

How far can your joints move in different directions? Increase your range of motion with daily stretching exercises so that joint related injuries are the least of your worries.

Pyramids Dialysis Center (PDC) is the first stand-alone dialysis center and renal-care facility in Al Ain, Abu Dhabi. For more tips and updates, follow us on our social media Facebook @pdckidneycare & Instagram @pdckidneycare


Kidney Stones – How Do They Affect Your Fast?

With Ramadan just a week away, the time to fast is ‘fast’ approaching. While the fast has many spiritual benefits for the soul, it’s important to be sensible about the way you fast to enjoy the health benefits for your body safely.

With this in mind, have you ever considered what happens to your body when you don’t drink enough water between Iftar and Suhoor?

Fasting is well known to induce a high risk of kidney stones occurring in your digestive system because so many people don’t take the proper steps to ensure they’re fully hydrated during these fasting time, to take proper care of their bodies. The occurrence of kidney stone cases in patients typically increases during and immediately after the Ramadan season as a result.

The pain symptoms of a kidney stone manifests from the mid and lower back and slowly radiates to the front of the stomach. The pain often comes in waves or spasms, which can trigger a nauseous feeling that might even lead to vomiting and may be associated with nausea and vomiting.

That’s a good reason to ensure you’re well-hydrated by drinking enough water before you start the fast so that your body can cope throughout the day.

For those with a pre-existing kidney-stones condition, a visit to, or online consultation with, our nephrologist (kidney doctor) or a qualified urologist will prepare you with the right advice on fasting.

It’s important to take proper care of yourself if in case you are suffering from a kidney stone. In the case of severe pain, chills, or blood in the urine, then please visit a hospital immediately.

For more information about kidney stones or any other kidney-related health questions, feel free to call the Pyramids Dialysis Center on +971 3 762 7060 or visit pyramidsdialysis.com.


Top 10 Best Foods For Your Kidneys

Kidneys are small, yet powerful organs responsible for filtering waste products and balancing fluids in our body. They also perform a number of other important functions for your body, but the most important thing to note is that you need them to work properly.

Various factors can contribute to kidney damage, however, diabetes and high blood pressure are the most common risk factors for kidney disease and these can both be prevented, or at least, relieved with a healthy diet.

Following a healthy kidney-friendly diet is the best way to nourish your kidneys and prevent further damage. If you’re now wondering which foods are good for kidneys, we’ve got the answer for you. We have compiled a list of the best foods that will keep your kidneys healthy, so include them in your grocery list to maintain healthy kidneys.

1. Salmon 


Salmon is a fatty fish that is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which is an important nutrient that isn’t made by your body. The omega-3 fatty acid is a specific type of fat that is actually good for your body. Omega-3 is good for the heart, cholesterol levels, and overall health. Since high blood pressure is one of the kidney risk factors, salmon is a great addition to the diet as it will help lower blood pressure.

2. Egg Whites


Eggs whites are a great source of high-quality protein for patients undergoing dialysis or who have kidney disease. Although the egg yolk is equally nutritious, it has a high phosphorous content so it should be avoided by patients with kidney diseases.

3. Cauliflower


Cauliflower is a versatile vegetable that has a range of healthy nutrients with low sodium, potassium, or phosphorous. It’s also full of anti-inflammatory compounds like indoles and is an excellent source of fiber.

4. Berries


Blueberries, cranberries & strawberries are packed with vitamins and antioxidants that help prevent urinary tract infections and protect your vital organs.

5. Parsley


Parsley is a great ingredient to add flavor and nutritional benefits to your meals. It has anti-inflammatory properties due to its antioxidants, including flavonoids, carotenoids, and vitamin C. Additionally, parsley is rich in nitrates which helps keep the kidneys healthy by reducing high blood pressure.

6. Apples


Apples are wholesome fruit that are a good source of pectin, a soluble fiber that helps lower cholesterol and glucose levels.

7. Skinless Chicken


High-quality protein intake is necessary for healthy kidneys. Hence fresh, skinless chicken breast is a great option as it contains less phosphorus, potassium, and sodium.

8. Cabbage


Cabbage contains relatively little potassium and sodium but is loaded with vitamins, minerals, and powerful plant compounds that are beneficial to the body and kidneys.

It is also a great source of insoluble fiber, which maintains a healthy digestive system.

9. Bell Peppers


Bell peppers are loaded with vitamin A – an important nutrient for immune function, often compromised in people with kidney disease.

10. Lemon Water


Lemon is a rich source of citric acid and can help detoxify the body and flush out toxins from the body. Since kidneys are responsible to filter urine and discard waste products out, drinking lemon water daily will help support the kidneys and increase their efficacy.

The foods listed above are an excellent choice for people following a renal diet. But always consult your doctor or renal dietician before following any diet, as they will be able to advise you on the best diet for your individual needs.

Pyramids Dialysis Center (PDC) is the first stand-alone dialysis center and renal-care facility in Al Ain, Abu Dhabi. For more tips and updates, follow us on our social media Facebook @pdckidneycare & Instagram @pdckidneycare


10 Signs Your Kidneys Need to Visit a Doctor

Unchecked kidney problems can cause higher risks to your overall health and lead to permanent kidney damage.

People usually do not experience symptoms until they become very ill or develop high blood pressure, diabetes or worse a chronic kidney disease.

Early detection is crucial, so it’s vital to recognize the signs that something is not right with your kidneys.

Here are 10 signs your kidney is crying for help and that it’s time for you to visit a doctor – a Nephrologist:

1. Always Tired

One common sign is fatigue. Kidneys filter waste from your blood and move it out in your urine. A decrease in kidney function can lead to a buildup of toxins in your blood, which causes people to feel tired, weak and have trouble concentrating.

Other kidney diseases like anemia also cause weakness and fatigue.

2. Can’t Sleep

Studies show a link between sleep apnea and chronic disease. Sleep apnea is more common with those who have chronic kidney disease.

When your blood is full of toxins, this causes you to feel ill, stressed and uncomfortable at night.

3. Dry & Itchy Skin

Over time, if your kidneys are no longer functioning well, they will not balance the minerals and nutrients in your body. These nutrients help keep bones strong, heal wounds faster and skin looking radiant. Kidney failure can affect changes in sweat and oil glands, which causes dry skin.

4. Bad Breath

Toxins in your bloodstream like urea creates a foul odor. Urea is one of the primary components of urine. If kidneys can’t do their job well, they will not filter out all toxins which then affects your overall oral health.

5. Urinating More Often

Going to the toilet more often to urine especially at night can be a sign of kidney disease, urinary infection or enlarged prostate in men. Remember, kidneys make urine. So, when kidneys are failing this results in urinary bladder problems too.

6. Swollen Face, Ankles & Feet

Kidneys work together with other organs like the heart and liver. When body water, sodium content and other bodily fluids are reabsorbed by the kidneys and it can’t control the processes and actions it needs to do to serve the body, then fluids build up in your body leading to puffy hands, feet, ankles, legs and puffiness around your eyes.

7. Foamy Urine

If you notice bubbles in your urine or foamy like you see when scrambling eggs, this is usually protein leaking out into your urine. Which means, it is a signal of a major kidney problem. Urine can be a window into your overall health and you should consult a physician to take a closer look.

8. Low or Poor Appetite

People with chronic kidney disease (CKD) usually experience poor appetite which could lead to malnutrition.

When you have kidney disease, you could feel nausea or vomiting or have an upset stomach. All these reasons leave you NOT craving food.

9. Blood in Your Urine

Healthy kidneys keep blood cells in the body when filtering toxins and wastes from the blood to create urine. If your kidneys have problems filtering, these blood cells can start to leak out into the urine. Blood in your urine also can be caused by kidney stones, tumors, or an infection.

10. Shortness of Breath

Difficulty in breathing can be related to the kidneys.

Because the extra fluid in the body can build up in the lungs and another reason is anemia, which can leave your body oxygen-starved and cause shortness of breath.

Pyramids Dialysis Center (PDC) is the first stand-alone dialysis center and renal-care facility in Al Ain, Abu Dhabi. For more tips and updates, follow us on our social media Facebook @pdckidneycare & Instagram @pdckidneycare